Anyone who has ever logged onto the AWS console will have noticed that there's a lot of services listed and if you're like me, you'll probably be wondering WTF they do. Well here's a brief glossary.

(Some of these services have a link you can follow for more details)

Terminology

  • REGION - a geographical area
  • AVAILABILITY ZONE - equivalent to a datacentre. Each region has 2 or more availabilty zones
  • EDGE LOCATION - a CDN end point for CloudFront (like an access point)

Networking

  • VPC - Virtual Private Network, like a virtual datacentre. You can have many VPCs and they can be in a different region
  • DIRECT CONNECT - A direct connection into AWS, i.e. not using the internet (like dark fibre)
  • ROUTE53 - Amazon DNS service more

Compute

  • EC2 - a virtual server more
  • EC2 CONTAINER SERVICE - EC2 with docker management
  • ELASTIC BEANSTALK - for deploying web services, developers can load up code and Amazon will work out the services to provide
  • LAMBDA - can run code without starting up ECF2 services more

Storage

  • S3 - a object based file store more
  • CLOUDFRONT - Content Delivery Service (CDN) used for edge locations providing caching more
  • GLACIER - long term archving and backups
  • EFS - Elastic File System, like NAS in the cloud, can present S3 into several EC2 instances for example more
  • SNOWBALL - an import/export service, Amazon provide a storage device to copy data into on premises which you can send to Amazon for import (or visa versa for export) more
  • STORAGE GATEWAYS - an on premise storage gateway that can replicate data into the AWS cloud more

Databases

  • RDS - Rational Database Service, relational databases like Oracle, MySQL, etc more
  • DYNAMODB - Amazon noSQL database
  • ELASTICACHE - caching database services in the cloud
  • REDSHIFT - Datawarehouse service
  • DMS - Database Migration Service, can be used for migrating/conversion into the cloud

Analytics

  • EMR - Elastic Map Reduce, used for processing “big data”
  • DATA PIPELINE - moving data from one service to another
  • ELASTIC SEARCH - a search and analytics engine
  • KNESIS - data streaming, for large scale streaming
  • MACHINE LEARNING - a machine learning service, e.g. it's used by amazon.com to provide personal recommendations
  • QUICK SIGHT - a business intelligence service

Security and Identity

  • IAM - Users, groups and roles more
  • DIRECTORY SERVICES - AWS LDAP services
  • INSPECTOR - installs an agent onto EC2 instances which will then check security settings
  • WAF - Web Application Firewall
  • CLOUD HSM - Hardware security module device integration
  • KMS - Key Management Services

Management Tools

  • CLOUDWATCH - monitoring
  • CLOUD FORMATION - deployment tool
  • CLOUD TRAIL - audit access to check what is happening on AWS
  • OPSWORK - Configuration management services (used Chef)
  • CONFIG - AWS resource inventory, configuration history and changes. Includes config rules so you can check configurations.
  • SERVICE CATALOG - a catalog of of IT services
  • TRUSTED ADVISOR - automated scan, checks how you can save money and increase security

Application Services

  • API GATEWAY - API development
  • APPSTREAM - stream Windows applications from the cloud, a bit like Xenapp
  • CLOUD SEARCH - managed service searcg solution for web services including geo location
  • ELASTIC TRANSCODER - media transcoding service
  • SES - Simple Email Service, an email service!
  • SWF - Simple Workflow Service, application workflows

Developer ToolS

  • CODECOMMIT - source control (AWS version of github)
  • CODEDEPLOY - automating code deployment to AWS instances
  • CODEPIPELINE - continous delivery service

Mobile Services

  • MOBILE HUB - building and testing mobile apps
  • COGNITO - save mobile userdata in the cloud, like gane status, etc
  • DEVICE FARM - testing apps against phones
  • MOBILE ANALYTICS - measure app usage
  • SNS - Simple Notification Service, send notifications from the cloud

Enterprise Applications

  • WORKSPACES - AWS version of VDI
  • WORKDOCS - dropbox type of service
  • WORKMAIL - AWS exchange equivalent

Internet of Things

  • a single service for IoT type stuff!?

P.S. I know this list will go out of data pretty quickly but you never know, I may update it from time to time….

Recent Changes

Contribute to this wiki

Why not help others by sharing your knowledge? Contribute something to this wiki and join out hall of fame!
Contact us for a user name and password