1. kernel: PPP is best set up as a kernel module. If you haven't got PPP
    loaded as a module, check Rebuilding_the_kernel for details of adding a
    kernel module.
 2. As of the 2.2 version of the kernel, the kernel automatically loads
    modules using the /sbin/modprobe command. If it doesn't load , /sbin/
    insmod> can be used to manually load the module. (lsmod lists the modules
 3. FOR_LAPTOPS_ONLY: Problems with modems can be due due to pcmcia not being
    installed or configured correctly. See the PCMCIA-HOWTO in /usr/doc/
    HOWTOS for details. A daemon called cardmgr should be running. This is
    controlled by /etc/sysconfig/pcmcia which should have the parameter
    PCMCIA=yes set. Various config files are found in /etc/pcmcia. If you
    have trouble with settings, do the following:
       1. Devices are defined as follows:
       2. Check device using command setserial -a /dev/ttySx . This will show
       3. to exclude an IRQ if you suspect an IRQ clash, edit /etc/pcmcia/
          config.opts and add line
          exclude irq "number"
       4. To limit the range to IRQs selectable, edit /etc/pcmcia/config ad
          device "serail_cs"
          class "serial" module "serial_cs" opts "irq_list=5,7,9"
       5. The following modules should be loaded (check with lsmod)
          serial_cs 1 0
          ds 2 [serial_cs] 3
          i82365(*) 4 2
          pcmcia-core 8 [serial_cs ds i82365] 4
           *i82365 can be replaced by a different pcmcia controller depending
          on the hardware.See PCMCIA-HOWTO and SERIAL-HOWTO for details.
 4. PPP configuration follows:
       1. Edit /etc/group and add a ppp group with a unique gid number. Add
          any users to the group that may be required.
       2. ensure /sbin/pped is owned by root, group ppp and the suid bit is
          on as follows:
             1. chown root /usr/sbin/ppd
             2. ghgrp ppp /usr/sbin/ppd
             3. chmod u+s /usr/sbin/pppd
       3. copy ppp-on and ppp-off from /usr/doc/ppp-version/scripts to /usr/
       4. chown root /usr/sbin/ppp-on (and ppp-off)
          chgrp ppp /usr/sbin/ppp-on (and ppp-off)
          chmod 550 /usr/sbin/ppp-on (and ppp-off)
       5. copy ppp-on-dialer script from /usr/doc/ppp-version/scripts to /
          etc/ppp and set the permissions the same as ppp-on
       6. Edit the ppp-on script setting:
          TELEPHONE=telephone number
          PASSWORD=current password
           on the exec /usr/sbin/ppd line, set the device to the correct dial
          out device
       7. Edit /etc/ppp/options file so that it contains:
          asyncmap 0
          mtu 552
          mru 552
           (some of these aren't required as they are specofoed on the
          command line ppp-on script. However, if this line is cahnged, the
          correct options will still be picked up).
       8. Add any local & remote IP addresses in /etc/hosts (This isn't
          required for connecting to an ISP)
    The client should now be configured.
    NOTE: modem testing can be done via the minicom program.
    For more details on the above, see the PPP-HOWTO

PPP Server

 1. Set up the kernel as per the client.
 2. Configure PPP as follows:
       1. Add a user called ppp (or whatever desired) into /etc/passwd as
          ppp:password:uid:gid:PPP Client login:/home/ppp:/isr/sbin/pppd
       2. Create a ppp group as per client (ppp user should be in this group)
       3. Create the home directory, owned by ppp, group ppp
       4. Create .ppprc in this home directory with contents as follows:
       5. Set permissions for this file to root:ppp 444
       6. Ensure pppd is owned by root, group ppp, setuid bit on (as per
    See /usr/doc/ppp-version/README_linux for details
 3. configure getty as follows:
       1. vi /etc/conf.uugetty and ensure the following is included:
          ATLOCK=cuax (where x is the correct output device the modem is
          attached to)
          INIT="" \d+++\dAT\r OK etc....
          CONNECT="" ATA \r CONNECT\s\A
          This can be copied from template file /usr/doc/getty-version/
          Examples/default/uugetty.autoanswer and edited to add WAITFOR and
          CONNECT statements.
       2. edit /etc/inittab to add statement:
          s1:2345:respawn:/sbin/uugetty -d /etc/conf.uugetty ttySx F115200
       3. run init q and check uugetty is running with ps ax command. (See
          Serial-HOWTO for details).
 4. To get connection up:
       1. On the client execute ppp-on &
       2. Once the connection is made, check with ifconfig -a a ppp0 entry
          should be present
       3. can now connect using telnet, ftp,etc...
       4. To stop the connection, run ppp-off

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